• April 21, 2024

Math: The Basics

How to Define Basic Math

Whether you’re running your own business or just want to balance your bank account, having good math skills is essential. Math teaches you how to add, subtract, multiply and divide.

Most people think of “mathematics” as the subjects taught in high school curricula, such as geometry and algebra. However, math is much more than that.


Arithmetic is a part of math that deals with numbers and the operations performed on them. It includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and even the raising of numbers to powers in some cases. It is considered as the oldest method of calculating. Brahmagupta the Indian mathematician is known as the ‘father of arithmetic’ and Carl Friedrich Gauss proposed the fundamental theory of arithmetic in 1801.

There are four basic arithmetic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. These are the building blocks of the other math concepts like fractions, decimals, ratios and proportions. Besides these, math students also study percents, rounding and different word problems. The bridge between arithmetic and other more advanced concepts is algebra. These math formulas are very important as they help students learn and understand the different aspects of math better. These formulas include the following: sum can be related to addition, product can be related to multiplication and quotient can be related to division.


Along with arithmetic, geometry is one of the oldest branches of math. It deals with the study of shapes, sizes, parameters, measurements and angles of various figures.

A polygon is a group of straight lines or rays that meet at the same point and form a regular pattern. They can have 5, 6, 7, 8, or more sides and varying angles. The angles of a polygon can be acute, obtuse, or right. Geometry also includes the study of parallel lines, transversals and angle measures.

Kids learn the importance of formulas and theorems in geometry. They also learn the different types of shapes, their dimensions and properties like area, perimeter, volume, etc. They also learn about the various shapes like circle, square, cube, cylinder and sphere. Geometry also covers the concept of 2-dimensional shapes and 3-dimensional solids. Flat geometry involves the study of two-dimensional shapes having length and width, while solid geometry studies 3D shapes like cubes, prisms and spheres.


Algebra is the branch of Mathematics that uses letters to represent objects, numbers or expressions. It is an important part of basic math because it develops problem-solving skills, prepares students for higher-level arithmetic and is required in many college majors and jobs.

It also helps to understand the concepts behind formulas, which are standard-derived equations that form a foundation of almost all mathematical calculations. These equations provide finite ways of managing infinitely many values: The formula pr2 selects one value from an infinite number of possibilities for the area of a circle of radius r.

Modern algebra is a generalization of the concepts in elementary and arithmetic algebra to more abstract classes of algebras. This includes groups, rings and fields. It also includes the theory of vector spaces, well orderings and algebraic varieties.


If your child isn’t familiar with the fundamentals of math, he or she will struggle to learn new concepts. This is why it’s crucial to teach these skills early on.

Arithmetic is the basic branch of math that focuses on adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing numbers. It includes the basics of number theory such as greatest common factor, least common multiple and prime factors.

Addition means putting together two numbers to make a larger one. Subtraction is the opposite, taking one number away from another. Multiplication is the process of combining numbers by repeating addition. Division is splitting a whole into equal parts or groups.

The next step after arithmetic is algebra, which uses symbols to represent numbers in equations. It also involves understanding functions, variables and expressions. A strong foundation in arithmetic and algebra is essential before attempting more advanced concepts like geometry.

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